Due to the complete destruction of King Solomon's temple, relics or artifacts that bear direct evidence of its existence are almost nil. Archaeologists have however found some artifacts and prototypes for its architecture and furnishings from other sources that provide insights to its design and construction.
Prototype of the Temple
A small Canaanite shrine uncovered at Hazor north of the sea of Galilee showing a three chamber arrangement similar to King Solomon's Temple.
From Solomon's city of Megiddo
From the city of Megiddo was found this 22 inch high limestone altar, dated 10th century B.C. (reign of King Solomon). Garber-Howland's model suggested a horned Altar of Burnt Offering similar to this.
A Canaanite king's throne decorated with winged sphinxes, depicted in an ivory panel dating from 1200 B.C. Referred in the Bible as cherubims, they guarded the Ark of the Covenant.
Star of David
From Megiddo was also dug this graffiti of a double triangle scratched on an unfinished masonry block. This finding suggested that this symbol was used in Palestine at a time nearer to David's reign than previously thought. Known as the Star of David, it was emblazoned on the floor of the Holy Place of the Temple.
Stone door pivot
The massive doors of the Temple could have swung on metal-tipped pivots on limestone sockets; an example of which was found in a 20th century B.C. Gimilsin Temple at Ur. It has been speculated that a "cornerstone" in King Solomon's Temple could have been a door socket such as this because in earliest times in Egypt and Mesopotamia, valuables and records were deposited beneath such stones during a building's dedication.
Lumber from Phoenicia
Cedar and fir, used for the Temple came from Ancient Phoenicia (Lebanon). Much of Phoenicia's wealth was derived from its lumber trade as depicted in this Assyrian carving on alabaster.
The Israelites. The Emergence of Man; Time-Life Books: 1974
The Sea Traders. The Emergence of Man; Time-Life Books: 1974
The Holy Bible
IGLPI Manual of Masonic Rituals
Archaeological Discoveries in the Holy Land. Bonanza Books. New York: 1967
King Solomon died in 922 B.C. and his son Rehoboam succeeded him as king. Rehoboam was politically inept and failed to hold the kingdom together. The northern region soon seceded and put up its own king Jeroboam, an officer in Solomon’s staff and a member of the tribe of Ephraim. The kingdom was thus split into two: the South which was called the Kingdom of Judah and the North which was named Israel. The South (Kingdom of Judah) fell under the army of Nebuchadnezzar II in 586 B.C. Jerusalem was sacked and King Solomon’s Temple was looted and razed to the ground. The Jews or the people of Judah were taken captive to Babylon.
Tyre did not escape the onslaught of the Babylonians. A year after the fall of Jerusalem, Nebuchadnezzar’s army started its siege of the city until it was finally captured in 572 B.C.